These are parts common to many sewing machines. However, since there are so many sewing machine models
out there, these parts may or may not be on your particular machine.
Sewing machine parts glossary:
The spool that sits in the lower part of the machine. It holds the thread that makes the underside of a
The part of the machine that houses the bobbin.
The metal teeth that stick up above the needle plate. They move the fabric forward as it’s being
The wheel on the side of the machine that can be turned manually to adjust the height of the needle.
Needle Bar/Needle Clamp
The part that holds the needle.
The flat surface below the needle that the needle goes down through when making a stitch. It can be
changed for different stitching jobs. Also called a throat plate.
The piece that sits below the needle and holds the fabric down as it’s being stitched. It can be
changed for different stitching jobs.
The cover that opens to allow access to the bobbin.
The spindle that holds the top spool of thread.
Stitch Length Regulator/Selector
The mechanism that allows you to adjust the length of your stitches.
Stitch Width Regulator/Selector
The mechanism that allows you to adjust the width of a wide stitch, such as a zigzag stitch.
Part of the upper threading sequence, it helps control the flow of thread. It’s the part that goes “up
and down” as you sew.
Disks that the upper thread is placed between that regulate thread tension.
The mechanism that allows you to adjust the tension of your upper, and sometimes bobbin, thread.
Part of the upper threading sequence, they direct the flow of thread.
See Needle Plate.